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tv   Journal  PBS  July 23, 2013 6:30pm-7:01pm PDT

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>> hello and welcome to the "journal" here on dw in berlin. >> these are the headlines -- just one day old, and britain's newest royal is introduced to the world, waiting media, and crowds of fans gathered outside the london hospital. >> a spanish telephone giant aims to become number one in the lucrative german market. >> a rockstar's welcome for pope francis on his first official visit to brazil.
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>> we start this bulletin in london where a new prince has been given a glimpse of the world -- or, rather, the world has been given a glimpse of written's london's -- youngest royal. >> it was just a day ago that william k snuck into the act entrance of st. mary's hospital -- william and kate snuck into the back entrance of st. mary's hospital. let's listen to reactions. >> he's got a good pair of lungs, that's for sure. he's a big boy, quite heavy. we're still working on a name, but it's the first time we have seen him, really. need a chance to catch up. >> i think any parent, really,
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knows what this feeling feels like. >> to make the day even more special, we got to see prince william pat the baby into the car like any regular dad driving his family home -- vince william pack -- prince william pack the baby into the car. how is britain welcoming the newest member of the royal family? >> there have been welcomes from politicians, but i think the royal family will be most interested in the fact that there is a genuine degree of enthusiasm. people have turned out at the hospital, turned out at buckingham palace to see the formal announcement of the birth of the new prince. i was there this afternoon, and people were queuing right around the block to see him. last night, outside the palace, people were there. a bit of a party atmosphere, so people are in a good mood here.
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>> another thing people are waiting for -- there is still no news on the name. what is the bookmakers' hot that? >> vince william said they were still working on the name, but according to bookmakers, george is the best bet -- friends william said they were still working on the name. james and alexander also popular. philip coming up the ranks, the name of the baby's great- grandfather. if you want something outlandish like elvis, you will get pretty good odds, but i would not expect you would win a lot of money with it. >> how much does this birth boost the market in britain? >> it's important because the birth of a royal happens only once every couple of decades, so this, in a sense, solidifies the succession of the royal family and its position in british life . it means that there are three direct successors to the queen alive, which is an unusual situation.
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i think it also allows the royal family to capitalize on the popularity of prince william and kate. it has not always been like this for the royal family. they have had some bad times. only a couple of decades ago, the breakup of the marriage of prince charles and diana, diana's death in an accident. i remember the queen talking about it. all that is very much a distant memory at the moment because this is a new tom a young royal couple, and they have a baby. -- this is a new, young royal couple, and they have a baby. >> moving onto some other international news now -- officials in libya say an explosion in the capital, tripoli tripoli, was caused by a rocket propelled grenade. >> so far, no injuries from the blast had been reported. the grenade struck a building near a luxury hotel where the
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prime minister sometimes stays. it's not clear who launched the missile and why. >> rebel forces in serious a they have captured a strategic town in the northern city of aleppo -- rebel forces in syria say they have captured a strategic town. >> it was considered the last syrian army stronghold in western aleppo province, and it is a key supply route. in march, chemical weapons were allegedly used there, with each side blaming the other or the attacks. >> america's top general has laid out options of assisting the syrian rebels and ending the civil war in the country. >> in a letter to washington, he made up -- laid out the costs, risks, and benefits, including an advisory role, the creation of a no-fly, and even a tax on government forces. he said any use of force would be an act of war.
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the obama administration has already said it wants to arm the rebels, but continues to rule out direct intervention. >> on that question of direct intervention, we moved over to max hoffman, who is in washington for us. how likely is a direct intervention, really? >> not really likely at all. everybody is talking about the options that the general has outlined here. the paragraphs that follow are even a little more interesting because, basically, between the lines, general dempsey is saying, "eat out of serious -- "keep out of syria." not in those exact words, but he has talked about the mission getting larger interesting from original goals, and he outlines the possibility that the goals will not be achieved at all. this is america's highest
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ranking military official basically saying, "don't do it." the administration does not want to do it either, so there's no reason to believe it will really happen. >> is the u.s. at risk of losing credibility if it stays on the sidelines of this conflict? >> we all know about the red line that barack obama outlined last year, saying that there would be serious consequences if the serious regime used chemical weapons against its own people -- if the syrian regime used chemical weapons against its own people. that has been the assessment of the government itself, but there have been no serious consequences. they are the most powerful military nation in the world, and they can do just what iran is doing for the other side, arming them, but they are slow to do that because the opposition has so many different faces, including extremist forces. yes, you could say, to an extent, that the americans are
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sacrificing their credibility in orde not t get tied up in another messy war. >> thanks for bringing us up to date. in egypt, at least nine people have died and more than 30 injured in the violence between supporters and proponents of -- supporters and opponents of ousted president mohamed morsi. >> several gunshots were fired in more than a dozen cars torched. morsi supporters have camped out near the campus of cairo university since he was deposed by the military three weeks ago. egypt's interim president called on egypt since to unite and overcome their differences. -- called on egypt and to unite -- called on egyptians to unite in overcome their differences >> al qaeda carried out raids, and many of those freed were insurgents. at least 25 security guards were killed in the attacks. al qaeda said it had been months
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landing and preparing the raids on prisons. here in germany, chancellor merkel has taken some hits in the political arena in recent weeks. today, she showed her human side, taking time out of her summer vacation to visit families in flood-devastated regions. >> hundreds of homes were damaged when the elbow river -- elbe river rose over its banks. locals are still struggling to get their lives back on track. >> chancellor merkel wanted to see for herself how the region is recovering. it's several weeks since the cleanup began, but the village is still in ruins. many houses will need extensive rebuilding work. these rooms were flooded by almost two meters of water. >> there's huge hardship across the entire region. the farming industry has collapsed. businesses have taken a hit, and then there's the suffering and
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misery you see in people here. >> it was the beginning of june when the village was submerged. barges had to be sung to plug the hole. chancellor merkel said she was moved by the reconstruction work . >> i can see that the area has been hugely affected. everyone here now has a lot of work to do. some people have lost everything. i can see that a lot of work is going on, and we all need to work to solve the problems here as fast as possible. >> rebuilding work is coming at a high cost -- 8 billion euros in government money will be spent getting communities like this back on their feet. >> some business news now, and a major merger is in the making. >> to spanish companies are negotiating a multi-billion euro deal to create germany's number one cell phone company, and that has everyone talking.
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>> germany could soon see its cell phone sector dominated by a new giant. the companies are minor players, but a merger would make them the number one. that distinction currently belongs to t-mobile with almost 37 million customers. just behind is vodafone. together, these two spanish companies would have 40 million users, the largest customer base in germany. both companies are interested in combining their forces. doing so could save them more than 5 billion euros. that's because despite having a smaller customer base, they both have to run networks as big and expensive as those of their rivals. >> there will be some big changes in this industry. i'm not sure whether it will stop at three big providers. the market might concentrate more on one provider.
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>> shareholders and antitrust regulators still have to approve the deal. it could take a year to become faded. >> well, that o2/e-plus deal was the big news in frankfurt. now we find out how investors reacted. >> investors like stories about mergers and acquisitions, and they think that e-plus and o2 would make a perfect pair. also, deutsche telecom shares had gained here on the frankfurt floor because investors think that if there is less competition in the mobile business, this would lead to the margins stabilizing and even rising. the market in general went down at the end of the session. investors fear negative
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surprises coming from the earnings season. >> let's go right to the market numbers now. the dax index in frankfurt was down by .2%, ending at 8314. euro stoxx 50 down ever so slightly to 2722. in new york, the dow jones industrial average -- trading still going on there. 15,594, about point three percent up, and the euro is also up against the u.s. dollar, trading at $1.3227. spain's economy shrank again in the second quarter, but the early signs of recovery could soon be making an appearance. gdp fell by .1% between april and june. >> that was less than in the previous three months, due to strong exports. the spanish central bank says it expects a return to growth by the end of this year. spain has been in recession since 2011.
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>> seven people have been injured after an airplane's landing gear collapsed while landing in new york. >> it came to a halt in the grass at laguardia airport and six people were hurt and taken to hospital with minor injuries. the course of the landing gear -- because of the landing gear failure -- the cause of the landing gear failure is not yet known. >> spanish soccer giants barcelona have confirmed that geraldo martino has signed a p>> he was not a favorite for te job as he has not coached in europe before. most importantly, he is a close friend of a team executive. he will be presented to the media on wednesday. thanks for staying with us here on dw. a lot more news coming your way, including the pope's rapturous welcome to brazil. >> we will be taking a look at
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that. do stay with us. the break will be short and sweet.
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>> welcome back. hundreds of thousands of catholics are flocking to rio's legendary copacabana beach. >> absent from tonight's event is pope francis, who has been taking a day of rest after holding this private mass for the papal delegation. he will meet all the rest he can get. he has a busy schedule ahead of him, greeting millions of catholics in town for the weeks >> but it has not been all smiles and handshakes. brazil has seen a wave of protests over government spending and corruption over recent weeks, but vatican officials officials say they are not concerned about the pope's safety.
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>> for his trip to brazil, pope francis opted for an open vehicle, leaving the bulletproof pope mobile in the vatican. it's a headache for security officials, but part of the pontiff hostas i are to connect with the people. tens of thousands throng the streets to get a glimpse of the leader of the catholic church. -- it's a headache for security officials, but part of the pontiff's desire to connect with the people. over 1.5 million faithful are expected to turn out to see him in the coming days. >> i am deeply moved. >> after his journey through downtown rio, the pope was hosted by the brazilian president at the governor's palace. francis' visit comes in the middle of widespread social
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unrest. for weeks, there has been widespread protest against government corruption and spending. clashes broke out near the governor's palace monday night after the pope left the building. >> the government is the problem. the pope's visit is costing over 50 million dollars -- that's too much. that money could have been invested in health or education. >> although the protesters are dismayed at the amount being spent on the trip, they have made clear that their anger is directed at the brazilian government, not at pope francis. >> we are now on the line to our correspondent in rio de janeiro. as we heard, plenty of criticism of the cost of the pope's visit. the pope himself is a guy who likes to preach modesty. is this a message to the brazilian authorities? >> i would think that what we are seeing, really, is that the protesters here in brazil are
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taking the opportunity of the international spotlight once again being on this country to make their point. most of their criticism is toward the brazilian government rather than the pope. we saw very similar protests in the shadow of the confederations cup, the football confederation cup just three weeks ago. it seems to be very much a repeat of that. we did see a few protesters outside the government palace directly at tacking -- attacking some of what they see the vatican stands for, but as i said, more of an opportunity to make their point that they feel this government has a problem with corruption, a problem with its misdirection of spending, and they want everyone to hear that point. >> what sort of points to you think pope francis is likely to make? >> as you mentioned in your report, he is really trying to give a new image of the vatican
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since he became pope in march. he is trying to preach the message that the catholic church is a church of the poor, and so far, that message seems to be an attractive one in terms of what people feel about him. he is an immensely popular man. . i think his challenge will be to try to transfer that popularity to the church as well. here in brazil, for example, although polls show that pope francis is one of the most popular popes of recent times, in the last 20 years, we have seen the number of people saying they are catholic going down from 90% to around 55%. i think his real message is to try to bring people into the fold of the catholic church, and a slightly different, more humble catholic church that he represents. >> thanks much for joining us on the line from rio.
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>> modern-day wanted posters are being put up around german cities. the reward -- 25,000 euros for tracking down the last of the not see war criminals -- tracking down the last of the nazi war criminals. >> the name of the campaign -- operation: last chance. >> the center hopes these posters will help to trace nazi war criminals who are still living. the director of the center in jerusalem has personally come to berlin to launch the campaign, but as all the effort to find criminals now well over 80 real worth it? >> when you look at these people, you should think of people who in the prime of their youth devoted all their strength and energy to murdering innocent men, women, and children. they are the last people on earth who deserve any of your sympathy because they had absolutely no sympathy for any
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of their victims. >> it was in 2011 that a former death camp guard was sentenced to five years in prison. judges ruled that documents showing he worked at the camp were sufficient to convict him. the case inspired the center to launch their latest campaign. >> now, we can convict these people just based on their service, which can be proven by documents. this is a brand-new situation in which the potential for bringing these people to justice is much greater. >> he has also been encouraged by the case of a 98-year-old in hungary, who was put on trial last month for helping to take jews to auschwitz. he was arrested when a newspaper was tipped off about his alleged crimes. >> the high-profile trial of a neo-nazi cell continues in munich. the national socialist underground is suspected of going on an almost decade-long murder spree targeting mainly
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immigrants. >> german authorities failed to initially connect the group to the murders that shocked the nation. >> it was on this spot on september 9, 2000, that two men are thought to have murdered a flower salesman. today, expert witnesses told the court that he was shot at least eight times with two different guns, similar to this one. most of the shots hit him in the face. doctors tried to save the 38- year-old, but he died two days later in the hospital with his wife at his side. his murder was the first of 10 in which beate zschape is accused of being an accomplice. all the murders are being reconstructed in detail during the trial, but there is still little in the way of an
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explanation for the failings of investigators who did not link the murders. >> we have to look much further and deeper to find out where mistakes and wareham -- where ridiculously wrong decisions were made. these questions have been avoided so far. >> the court is now due to hear details of another accomplice who supplied the neo-nazi trio with a gun. >> to the world of art now -- modern artworks set astronomical records at the moment. >> thus, the unfortunate business of forgeries, but then there's also the lucrative as this of uncovering the copycats. here's more. >> unlocking a painting's secrets, using ultraviolet rays. this picture looks like it's from the russian avant-garde period, but a closer examination reveals it was painted much later. this moscow art expert says the clues lie in the canvas, the paint pigments, and the chemical
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bonds. she says it is the only reliable way to spot a fake. >> in one sense, i'm glad when i see a very good forgery because it shows we still have talented artists in russia. of course, i feel sorry for the owners because they have spent so much money on the painting. >> nikita is a lawyer, representing those who have lost out on bogus art. he used to work for the government, hunting down art forgers until his cover -- until his department was closed down. >> the boom in fake art began around 10 years ago when the oligarchs lost interest in yachts and soccer clubs and turned their attention to art. demand for russian art exploded, and so did the prices paid at options in russia and around europe -- the prices paid at
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auctions. >> this gallery is just a short distance from the kremlin. nikita is here to advise an art dealer. he has been given an appraisal confirming the russian painter who really did paint this himalayan glacier. >> i have all paintings that are offered to me tested, even if they come with test documentation. i send them off for chemical testing and get an appraisal from three different experts. i only offer them to my clients when i am totally sure. >> it is a laborious and extensive ross s -- process, but ultimately safer than relying on catalogs that list fakes. nikita wants the government to do more. >> the biggest problem is that the art market is so closed. even those who buy fakes do not like to go to the police, and i
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can understand that. there are not many specialists employed by the authorities who deal with this and who are interested in it. >> there are not many expert appraisers in russia or high- tech laboratories like the one run by a private company. >> the databases and catalogs list only the fakes that have been examined and confirmed. a lot more remain undetected and are hanging in private collections and public museums. >> and so, business is booming -- the business of identifying forged art. >> that's all for the "journal." we thank you for watching. captioned by the national captioning institute --www.ncicap.org--
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